On March 2, 2021, Governor Northam signed into law Virginia’s own Consumer Data Protection Act (“Virginia CDPA” or the “Act”), a bill that brings together concepts from the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) as well as the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) and the California Privacy Rights Act (CPRA). It is the first of its kind legislation on the East Coast. The law will go into effect on January 1, 2023.

The drafters of the Virginia CDPA appear to have benefited from observing the pitfalls and problems that arose in the development and implementation of both GDPR and CCPA. The Virginia bill deftly avoids several of those by incorporating narrower, more tailored definitions that clearly exclude categories of data and businesses over which there was (and continues to be) some confusion with respect to both the EU/UK and California compliance regimes. It also adopts, in concept, the framework of the GDPR, and even some of its language. Like GDPR, it characterizes the party who initially collects and controls personal data as the “controller” and obligates that party to be a good steward of the data, through transparency with the consumer, accountability for sharing the data with third parties (“processors”), and a duty to implement appropriate data security to safeguard the data. It will be enforced by the Virginia Attorney General. Notably, there is no private right of action under the Act.


Continue Reading Virginia’s New Consumer Data Protection Act (CDPA)

Once again, the Virginia legislature is set to consider comprehensive data privacy legislation.  In the 2020 regular session of the Virginia General Assembly, the House of Delegates referred several bills dealing with privacy issues, including a proposed data privacy law, to the Virginia Joint Commission on Science and Technology for study.

This year, it appears Virginia is poised to seriously consider adoption of a broad consumer data privacy framework.  Senate Bill 1392 , sponsored by Senator David Marsden (D-Fairfax), was introduced on January 13, 2021. House Bill 2307, sponsored by Delegate Cliff Hayes, Jr. (D-Chesapeake), was introduced on January 20, 2021. The bills create the “Consumer Data Protection Act.”

Virginia does not currently have a comprehensive data privacy law governing consumer data.  Like most states, it has a data breach notification law and various protections for specific types of data in certain contexts.


Continue Reading Virginia Legislature Is Set to Consider Comprehensive Data Privacy Legislation

Earlier this year, several pieces of privacy related legislation pending in the 2020 General Assembly session were referred by a standing committee of the Virginia House of Delegates to the Joint Commission on Technology and Science (JCOTS) for study outside of the regular legislative session.  JCOTS has taken its first steps toward establishing study committees to look at several issues prior to the 2021 regular legislative session.

Specifically, JCOTS established the following study committees:

  • Data Protection & Privacy Advisory Committee
  • Children’s Online Protection Advisory Committee
  • Facial Recognition within Law Enforcement Advisory Committee


Continue Reading Virginia Legislative Commission Set to Begin Look at Data Protection, Privacy and Children’s Online Privacy Protection Issues

On March 11th, 2020, Virginia Governor Northam signed the Insurance Data Security Act (the “Act”) — HB 1334 — imposing requirements on all entities regulated by the Virginia Bureau of Insurance (“BOI” or the “Bureau”) to:

  • maintain an information security program,
  • investigate all cybersecurity events,
  • notify the Commissioner of Insurance of cybersecurity events, and
  • notify consumers affected by cybersecurity events.


Continue Reading The Virginia Insurance Data Security Act – What You Need to Know

Last week a committee of the Virginia House of Delegates voted to send several privacy-related bills to a legislative commission for study after the current legislative session. Among those bills is the Virginia Privacy Act, proposed as a less onerous version of the California Consumer Privacy Act. Other bills referred for study address topics such as requirements for the destruction of records, online advertising and digital services directed to minors, and safe keeping of biometric data.

The Communications, Technology and Innovation Committee voted to “continue” the these privacy-related bills and directed the chairman of the committee to request the Joint Commission on Technology and Science (JCOTS) to study the legislation in advance of the 2021 legislative session. JCOTS consists of 13 legislators and its purpose is to evaluate emerging technology and science with the goal of promoting the development of sound public policies on those topics.


Continue Reading Virginia Punts Several Privacy-Related Bills to Out of Session Study

On January 8, 2020, the Virginia General Assembly will begin its 60 calendar day legislative session. Legislation relating to privacy will be on the agenda, including HB 473, titled the “Virginia Privacy Act,” that proposes to strengthen the data privacy rights of Virginians.

Scope of the Proposed Legislation

The provisions of the legislation apply to “any legal entity (i) that conducts business in the Commonwealth or produces products or services that are intentionally targeted to residents of the Commonwealth and (ii) that (1) controls or processes personal data of not fewer than 100,000 consumers; or (2) derives over 50 percent of gross revenue from the sale of personal data and processes or controls personal data of not fewer than 25,000 customers.” The bill has exceptions to its scope applicable to, among others, local and state governments, credit reporting agencies and financial institutions governed by other privacy laws, and also exempts certain health care related information governed by federal law and employment records.

The legislation focuses on the responsibilities of data controllers, who are primarily responsible for complying with the provisions of the legislation, and data processors, who must adhere to the instructions of the controller and assist a controller in meeting the requirements of the proposed act.


Continue Reading Will Virginia Follow California’s Lead on Consumer Privacy Legislation?